Download A Luxury of the Understanding: On the Value of True Belief by Alan Hazlett PDF

By Alan Hazlett

The price of real trust has performed a significant position in historical past of philosophy—consider Socrates’ slogan that the unexamined existence isn't worthy dwelling, and Aristotle’s declare that everybody evidently desires knowledge—as good as in modern epistemology, the place questions on the price of data have lately taken heart level. It has often been assumed that actual representation—true belief—is important, both instrumentally or for its personal sake. In A luxurious of the Understanding, Allan Hazlett bargains a serious learn of that assumption, and of the most ways that it may be defended.

Hazlett defends the realization that real trust is at so much occasionally beneficial. within the first a part of the e-book, he ambitions the view that actual trust is generally larger for us than fake trust, and argues that fake ideals approximately ourselves—for instance, unrealistic optimism approximately our futures and approximately folks, comparable to overly optimistic perspectives of our friends—are frequently priceless vis-a-vis our health. within the moment half, he goals the view that fact is “the target of belief,” and argues for anti-realism concerning the epistemic price of actual trust. jointly, those arguments include a problem to the philosophical assumption of the worth of real trust, and recommend another photograph, on which the truth that a few humans love fact is all there's to “the worth of actual belief.”

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That 17 This just raises the question of how knowledge constitutes wellbeing. Is it like eggs and Hollandaise sauce (a necessary ingredient, in the right proportion), or is it like walnuts and bran muffins (not an essential ingredient, but constitutive in some cases); is it like mass and weight (adding more mass gets you more weight), but not like eggs and Hollandaise (adding more eggs won’t get you more Hollandaise)? 3).  A corollary of this is that if things that are F are per se valuable then things that are F are always valuable: if instances of F are per se valuable, then all instances of F must be valuable, since if they weren’t, it couldn’t be the case that instances of F are valuable in virtue of being instances of F—their being instances of x wouldn’t explain their having value.

Rather, it was responsive to considerations indicative of the fact that so believing would be in his best interest. 1) we attempted to capture the value of knowledge in eudaimonic terms. We sought some plausible connection between knowledge and wellbeing. There we spoke of a person’s life going well or badly in an unqualified way. 30 This qualification would allow us to concede that Karen is better off ignorant, while maintaining that her life goes badly in one respect. But what does it mean for one’s life to go well or badly “with respect of knowledge”?

The value of true belief vis-à-vis excellence. Second, the idea that knowledge has arêtic value could naturally be understood as the claim that knowledge is “epistemically” valuable (cf. 3, Part II). g. g. that the unexamined life is not worth living). What sorts of considerations can one bring to bear in favor of such a claim? Against such a claim? If it seems to you that a life without gold is not worth living, while it seems to me that gold is worthless, how are we to find out which of us is right?

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