By Philip Katcher
The generals who led the brigades, divisions, corps and armies of the Confederacy have been very principally items of a similar specialist backgrounds as their competitors in Union blue - certainly, a lot of them have been former West aspect classmates and brother officials within the pre-war US military, who had served jointly at the frontier or within the Mexican struggle. by way of box adventure they have been additionally just like the majority of Union commanders - none of them had ever commanded lots as a brigade ahead of 1861, and so they needed to study by means of trial and mistake. a few whose pre-war checklist had promised a lot have been to fail the try of warfare; a few extra vague officials have been to upward push to the problem remarkably. this primary of 2 volumes dedicated to the accomplice generals information the careers, personalities and visual appeal of 25 commanders who made their names more often than not with the military of Northern Virginia within the japanese theater of conflict.
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Extra info for American Civil War Commanders: Confederate Leaders in the East
He surrendered at Macon, Georgia, on 20 April 1865. Mter the war Smith served as insurance commissioner of Kentucky from 1870 to 1876. He then moved to New York City, where he died on 24June 1896. He is buried in New London, Connecticut. STUART, James Ewell Brown (1833-64) 'Jeb" Stuart (see Plate D3) was born in Patrick County, Virginia, on 6 February 1833. Lee's son, George Washington Custis Lee. He was assigned to the Regiment of Mounted Riflemen, later serving in the 1st Cavalry Regiment, largely in Kansas.
Returning, his I Corps was active at Gettysburg on 2 and 3 July 1863, including the charge against the Union center - a move that he bitterly opposed, preferring to slip around the Union right. Mterwards Lee's apologists blamed Longstreet for attacking too slowly and hence losing the battle. Longstreet's corps was sent west that fall, fighting at Chickamauga (19-20 September). Mter a disagreement with Braxton Bragg, commander of the Army of Tennessee, his corps was detached to besiege Knoxville.
As Lee rode up to Wilcox's retiring forces, the British observer Col. Arthur Fremantle saw the two meet and Wilcox "explain, almost crying, the state of his brigade. " Lee went on to re~ ommend Wilcox to replace Dorsey Pender on the latter's death, writing that "General Wilcox is one of the oldest brigadiers in the service, a highly capable officer, has served from the commencement of the war and deserves promotion. " On 13 August 1863, Wilcox was named a major-general, to the general approval of the army.