By David W. Neubauer
Open this ebook and step into America's courtroom approach! what is it prefer to be a pass judgement on? A prosecutor? A safety legal professional? With Neubauer's best-selling ebook, you will find out! This interesting and well-researched textual content promises the experience of being within the courthouse-of what it's wish to paintings in and join the procedure. this idea of the courthouse "players" illustrates every one person's very important position in bringing a case in the course of the courtroom method. during the textual content, Neubauer highlights not just the pivotal position of the felony courts in the felony justice method but additionally the court's value and impression on society as a complete.
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Extra info for America's Courts and the Criminal Justice System , Ninth Edition
5 million arrests for nontraffic offenses. Most are for minor crimes, but 3 million involve serious crimes such as murder, rape, assault, robbery, burglary, and theft. The police are able to make an arrest in only one out of five crimes known to the police. As a result, only a fraction of the nation’s major crimes ever reach the courts. Initial Appearance An arrested person must be brought before a judge without unnecessary delay. For felony defendants the initial appearance is largely a formality because no plea may be entered.
Given the growing volume of cases, the federal government and most states have created two levels of appellate courts: intermediate courts, which must hear all cases, and supreme courts, which pick and choose the cases they hear. S. Supreme Court stands atop the organizational ladder, it hears only a handful of the cases filed each year (fewer than 80 per year). Thus its importance is measured not in terms of the number of cases decided but in the wide-ranging impact that these few decisions have on all stages of the process.
Grand juries are required in all federal felony prosecutions, but only about half the states use them. If the grand jury thinks there is enough evidence to hold the defendant for trial, it returns an indictment (also called a true bill) charging the defendant with a crime. On rare occasions grand juries refuse to indict (such refusal is called a no bill or a no true bill). Legal theory aside, grand juries are dominated by the prosecutor, and they obligingly indict whomever the prosecutor wants indicted.