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By Tom Rockmore, Beth J Singer

The talk over foundationalism, the perspective that there exists a few safe origin upon which to construct a method of wisdom, seems to be to were resolved and the antifoundationalists have at the least quickly prevailed. From a firmly ancient process, the publication lines the foundationalism/antifoundationalism controversy within the paintings of many very important figures—Animaxander, Aristotle and Plato, Augustine, Descartes, Hegel and Nietzsche, Habermas and Chisholm, and others—throughout the historical past of philosophy. The members, Joseph Margolis, Ronald Polansky, Gary Calore, Fred and Emily Michael, William Wurzer, Charlene Haddock Siegfried, Sandra B. Rosenthal, Kathleen Wallace, and the editors current good the variety, curiosity, and roots of antifoundationalism.

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Kathleen Freeman, Ancilla to the Pre-SocraticPhilosophers:A Complete Translation of the Fragments in Diels, Fragmenteder Vorsokratiker(Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1952), p. 19. 11. Aristotle, Physica, trans. R. P. Hardie and R. K. , The Basic Works of Aristotle (New York: Random House, 1941), 206a. 12. , 204a. See chaps. 4-8. 13. , also, Metaphysics, bk. XI, chap. 10. 14. See Kitaro Nishida, Intelligibilityand the Philosophyof Nothingness, trans. Robert Schinzinger (Honolulu:. East-West Centre Press, 1958).

89· 36. Martin Heidegger, Being and Time, trans. from 7th ed. John Macquarrie and Edward Robinson (New York: Harper and Row, 1962), pp. 36-37 (pp. 15-16 in the German pagination). 37. , p. 86 (p. 59 in the German pagination); cf. Introduction, chap. 1. 38. , p. 87 (p. 60 in the German pagination). 39. , pp. 40, 41 (pp. 18, 19 in the German pagination). 40. , p. 250 (p. 206 in the German pagination); cf. pp. 43-44 (pp. 22-23 in the German pagination). The Limits of Metaphysics 39 41. See Edmund Husserl, CartesianMeditations, trans.

From znd ed. Garrett Barden and John Cumming (New York: Seabury Press, 1975), p. 408; italics added. 63. Cf. Heidegger, Being and Time, p. 38 (pp. 16-17 in the German pagination). Two Foundationalism RONALD in Plato? POLANSKY The several forms of foundationalist theories of knowledge aim to avoid infinite regresses of justifications through locating principles that stop the regress and justify whatever else is known. Strong forms of foundationalism require that these principles be in some sense self-certifying, for example, by direct presentation through sense perception or immediate intuition of the mind.

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