Download Apprehension and Argument: Ancient Theories of Starting by Miira Tuominen PDF

By Miira Tuominen

This publication bargains the 1st synoptic examine of ways the first components in wisdom constructions have been analysed in antiquity from Plato to past due historical commentaries. It argues that, within the Platonic-Aristotelian culture, the query of beginning issues was once handled from detailed issues of view: as a query of ways we gather easy wisdom; and as a question of the premises we might instantly settle for within the line of argumentation.

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Extra resources for Apprehension and Argument: Ancient Theories of Starting Points for Knowledge (Studies in the History of Philosophy of Mind)

Sample text

Like the method of hypothesis, the method of collection and division is so loose that one might wish it to be more rigorous. 4a) of the Philebus are introduced in order to meet this wish. 43 Aristotle will later on make this point explicitly. Also in the Phaedrus, however, Plato assumes that there is a limit to distinctions. The divisions are to be continued until one arrives at something which can no longer be divided (Phaedrus 277b7–9). The most likely meaning of this criterion is that when one has reached that which cannot be further divided, one reaches such subtypes of more general types that cannot be further divided into natural kinds.

Infinite disjunctions including the hypothesis, because a good explanation should be specific concerning the question of which claim one is explaining. If we take the decisive criterion to be explanatory power, the first phase of the method provides us with a way of constructing a comprehensive and coherent set of statements involving explanatory relations. A set of statements of this kind can be called a theory. It includes the hypothesis which is the strongest in the sense that it gives the best explanation for the explananda, 31 The term aår4a is a very difficult one to translate; see Vlastos (1969) and Rowe (1993, 49).

22 CHAPTER ONE arguments in favour of the principle of non-contradiction even though he on the other hand asserts that all meaningful speech and argumentation is based on that principle. The Method of Hypothesis In the introduction we made a distinction between two kinds of principles used in argumentation. First type of principles consists of explicit premises of arguments. The second one includes logical principles that regulate argumentative activity but rarely appear as explicit premises. The explicit premises have content, and they divide into two subtypes.

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